Although it is believed that the Greek author Homer has written “Odyssey” and “Iliad”, some scholars suggest that there is no real evidence that he really existed. Some claim that “Odyssey” was written by more authors and others that Homer wrote only “Iliad”. If he did actually write them, he probably wrote “Odyssey” after “Iliad” because his style in “Odyssey” is different.
“Odyssey” consists of 24 books and 12110 hexameters. It starts with the fall of Troy. The main character is Odyssey; a warrior from the Trojan War who is struggling to get back to his homeland.
In the first book, other characters tell a story about his background. His son sets off to find him. Afterwards, the plot is all about Odyssey. He talks about his past experiences. In the second part, Odyssey returns to his homeland and plans the revenge against his wife’s suitors.
In the beginning, there is an invocation of the muse and some information about the characters. It was the time when gods lived among people. An important goddess was Athena who helped and advised the characters. Odyssey was physically strong and he looked like a god. He was wise and resilient, but sometimes weak and unable to resist the temptations.
Type of work: epic poem
Time: period after the Trojan War
Setting: Ithaca and other islands
The plot starts with an invocation of the muse so that Homer can write his story about everything that had happened 20 years before Odyssey set off to war and everything that happened 10 years after the fall of Troy. The goddess Calypso captured Odyssey because she wanted to marry him and he spent 8 years with her. Poseidon didn’t want to help him because Odyssey had blinded his son Polyphemus, a Cyclops.
Odyssey’s son Telemachus got a visit from the goddess Athena disguised as Odyssey’s friend. Telemachus didn’t know his father because Odyssey had gone to the war before he was born. Many people on Ithaca wanted to marry his wife Penelope and rule the country instead of him. Athena told Telemachus that Odyssey was alive and she urged him to go looking for news of his missing father.
Penelope kept her suitors away by telling them that she will get married when she finished weaving Laertes and then she would destroy her work and start from the beginning. Telemachus asked her suitors for a boat because he wanted to go to Sparta to look for news of his father. Athena came again and supported him. She was disguised as Telemachus and asked people if they wanted to go with him.